DX INFO CENTRE
RADIO COUNTRIES
A country list for DXers based on official ITU/UN/WMO/ICAO/UPU lists

See here for inclusion criteria.

Non-ITU codes are highlighted in bold. They are generally derived from UN or WMO codes but some are unofficial.
Country names generally derived from English names found on postage stamps or literal English translations thereof.
Country names do not include government types except in the case of duplicate names.


NORTH AMERICA
EUROPE
ASIA
SOUTH AMERICA
AFRICA
OCEANIA
ANTARCTICA


INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
INTERNATIONAL WATERS
SPACE
 



NA
NORTH AMERICA
ALS
Alaska
AIA
Anguilla
ATG
Antigua & Barbuda
ABW
Aruba
BAH
Bahamas
BRB
Barbados
BLZ
Belize
BQU
Bequia
BER
Bermuda
BON
Bonaire
VRG
British Virgin Islands
CAN
Canada
CAX
Canouan
CRU
Carriacou & Petite Martinique
CYM Cayman Islands
CPT
Clipperton Island
CTR
Costa Rica
CUB
Cuba
CUW
Curazao
DMA
Dominica
DOM
Dominicana
GRL
Greenland
GRD
Grenada
GLP
Guadeloupe
CG7
Guantanamo Bay
GTM
Guatemala
HTI
Haiti
HND
Honduras
JMC
Jamaica
MRT
Martinique
MAY
Mayreau
MEX
Mexico
MSR
Montserrat
MQS
Mustique
NAV
Navassa Island
NEV
Nevis
NCG
Nicaragua
PNR
Panama
PTR
Puerto Rico
SAB
Saba
BLM
Saint Barthélemy
SKB
St. Kitts
LCA
Saint Lucia
MAF
Saint Martin
SPM
Saint Pierre & Miquelon
VCT
St. Vincent
SLV
El Salvador
EUX
St. Eustatius
SXM
Sint Maarten
SWN
Swan Islands
TRD
Trinidad & Tobago
TCA
Turks & Caicos
UNI
Union
USA
USA
VIR
Virgin Islands
YOU
Young Island


EU
EUROPE
ALA
Aaland
ALB
Albania
ACI
Alderney
AND
Andorra
AUT
Austria
AZR
Azores
BLR
Belarus
BEL
Belgium
BIH
Bosnia & Herzegovina
BUL
Bulgaria
HRV
Croatia
CZE
Czechia
DNK
Denmark
IRL
Éire
ENG
England
EST
Estonia
FRO
Faero Islands
FIN
Finland
FRA
France
DEU
Germany
GIB
Gibraltar
GRC
Greece
GGY
Guernsey
SUI
Helvetia
HNG
Hungary
ISLIceland
IMN
Isle of Man
ITA
Italy
JEY
Jersey
XKS
Kosovo
LVA
Latvia
LIE
Liechtenstein
LTU
Lithuania
LUX
Luxembourg
MLT
Malta
XOM
Order of Malta
MDA
Moldova 1
MCO
Monaco
MNE
Montenegro
AOA
Mount Athos
HOL
Netherlands
NIR
Northern Ireland
MKD
North Macedonia
NOR
Norway
POL
Poland
POR
Portugal
ROU
Romania
RUS
Russia 2
SMR
San Marino
SRK Sark
SCT
Scotland
SRB
Serbia
SVK
Slovakia
SVN
Slovenia
ESP
Spain
SRP
Srpska
SJM
Svalbard & Jan Mayen
SWE
Sweden
XSN
TMR 3
UKR
Ukraine
CVA
Vatican
WLS
Wales


 1 excl. TMR
 2 excl. Siberia, Far East & Ural
 3 Transnistria


AS
ASIA
AFG
Afghanistan
ARM
Armenia
XAR
Artsakh
AZE
Azerbaijan
BHR
Bahrain
BGD
Bangladesh
BTN
Bhutan
BIO
British Indian Ocean 1
BRU
Brunei Darussalam
CBG
Cambodia
CHN
China
TWN
China (Taiwan)
CYP
Cyprus
DGA
Diego Garcia
UAE
Emirati Arabia
XGZ
Gaza Strip
GEO
Georgia
HKG
Hong Kong
IND
India
INS
Indonesia
IRN
Iran
IRQ
Iraq
ISR
Israel
JPN
Japan
JOR
Jordan
KAZ
Kazakhstan
KOR
Korea
KRE
Korea DPR
KWT
Kuwait
KGZ
Kyrgyzstan
LAO
Laos
LBN
Lebanon
MAC
Macao
MLA
Malaysia
MLDMaldives
MNG
Mongolia
BRM
Myanmar
NPL
Nepal
XNC
North Cyprus
OMA
Oman
PAK
Pakistan
PSE
Palestine
PHL
Pilipinas
QAT
Qatar
BRN
Sabah & Labuan
SRW
Sarawak
ARS
Saudi Arabia
SEO
Siberia, Far East & Ural
SNG
Singapore
XSP
Spratly Islands
CLN
Sri Lanka
SYR
Syria
TJK
Tajikistan
THA
Thailand
TLS
Timor Leste
TUR
Turkey
TKM
Turkmenistan
UZB
Uzbekistan
VTN
Viet Nam
YEM
Yemen


 1 excl. Diego Garcia


SA
SOUTH AMERICA
ARG
Argentina
BOL
Bolivia
BRA
Brazil
CHL
Chile
CLM
Colombia
EQA
Ecuador
FLK
Falkland Islands
GUF
French Guyana
GUY
Guyana
PRG
Paraguay
PRU
Peru
SGS
South Georgia & The South Sandwich Islands
SUR
Suriname
URG
Uruguay
VEN
Venezuela


AA
ANTARCTICA
XFR
Adélie Land
XAA
Australian Antarctica
BVT
Bouvet Island
XBA
British Antarctica
CRO
Crozet Islands
HMD
Heard & McDonald Islands
KER
Kerguelen Islands
ATA
Marie Byrd & Ellsworth Lands 1
MRN
Prince Edward Islands
XQM
Queen Maud Land & Peter I Island
XRD
Ross
AMS
St. Paul & Amsterdam
XOR
South Orkney Islands


 1 between 90°W and 150°W


AF
AFRICA
XBY
Abyei
ALG
Algeria
AGL
Angola
ASC
Ascension Island
BEN
Benin
BOT
Botswana
BFA
Burkina Faso
BDI
Burundi
CPV
Cabo Verde
CME
Cameroon
CNR
Canaries
CAF
Centrafrica
TCD
Chad
COM
Comoros
COG
Congo
CTI
Coste d'Ivoire
COD
Democratic Congo
DJI
Djibouti
EGY
Egypt
GNE
Equatorial Guinea
ERI
Eritrea
SWZ
Eswatini
ETH
Ethiopia
GAB
Gabon
GMB
The Gambia
GHA
Ghana
GEX
Gough Island
GUI
Guinea
GNB
Guinea-Bissau
KEN
Kenya
LSO
Lesotho
LBR
Liberia
LBY
Libya
MDG
Madagascar
MDR
Madeira
MWI
Malawi
MLI
Mali
MTN
Mauritania
MAU
Mauritius
MYT
Mayotte
MRC
Morocco
MOZ
Mozambique
NMB
Namibia
NGR
Niger
NIG
Nigeria
REU
Réunion
ROD
Rodrigues
RRW
Rwanda
AOE
Sahara
SHN
St. Helena
STP
S. Tomé & Principe
IEP
The Scattered Islands
SEN
Senegal
SEY
Seychelles
SRL
Sierra Leone
SOM
Soomaaliya
AFS
South Africa
SSD
South Sudan
SDN
Sudan
TZA
Tanzania
TGO
Togo
TRC
Tristan da Cunha
TUN
Tunisia
UGA
Uganda
ZMB
Zambia
ZAN
Zanzibar
ZWE
Zimbabwe




OC
OCEANIA
AIT
Aitutaki
SMA
American Samoa
AUS
Australia
CTE
Canton & Enderbury
CHR
Christmas Island
ICO
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
CKH
Cook Islands
PAQ
Easter Island
FJI
Fiji
OCE
French Polynesia
GUM
Guam
HWA
Hawaii
HWL
Howland & Baker Islands
JAR
Jarvis Island
JON
Johnston Atoll
KIR
Kiribati 1
MHL
Marshall Islands
FSM
Micronesia
MDW
Midway Islands
NRU
Nauru
NCL
New Caledonia
NZL
New Zealand
NFO
Niuafo'ou
NIU
Niue
NFK
Norfolk Island
MRA
Northern Mariana Islands
PLW
Palau
PLM
Palmyra Atoll & Kingman Reef
PNG
Papua New Guinea
PYE
Penrhyn
PHX
Phoenix Islands 2
PTC
Pitcairn Islands
SMO
Samoa
SLM
Solomon Islands
SLI
Southern Line Islands
SCZ
Temotu
TKL
Tokelau
TON
Tonga
TOB
Torba
TUV
Tuvalu
VUT
Vanuatu
WAK
Wake Island
WAL Wallis & Futuna


 1 Gilbert Islands and Northern & Central Line Islands
 2 excl. Canton & Enderbury
XX
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
XOA
ICAO 1
XUN
United Nations 2
XWM
WMO 3


 1 stations with 4Y call signs in Montreal
 2 stations with 4U call signs in New York, Geneva or Vienna
 3 stations with C7 call signs in Geneva
XZ
INTERNATIONAL WATERS
ATL
Atlantic Region 1
XXZ
International Waters 2
PAC
Pacific Region 1


 1 fixed ocean-station vessels (weather ships)
 2 ship stations outside of EEZ zones, excl. fixed ocean-station vessels (weather ships)
SP
SPACE
ZOX
Outer Space 1
ZMO
Moon 2
ZSX
Solar System 3
ZSU
Sun
ZME
Mercury
ZVE
Venus
ZMA
Mars
ZJU
Jupiter
ZSA
Saturn
ZUR
Uranus
ZNE
Neptune
ZPL
Pluto
ZDX
Deep Space 4


 Note A : man-made stations only
 Note B : Sun & planet codes for within 2,000,000 km of solar or planetary surfaces
 1 100 km above Earth's surface to within 2,000,000 km of Earth
 2 within 100 km of Moon's surface
 3 beyond 2,000,000 km from Earth
 4 beyond the Solar System

HANGESMaintained by William R. Hepburn. This list is in not meant to represent official usage.

Countries included :

1) ITU Preface (Terrestrial Services) : 'Geographical Areas'
2) UN M49 : 'Countries or Areas / Geographical Regions'
3) WMO No. 386 : 'Country or Territory Designators'
4) ICAO Location Identifiers : 'Index to Nationality Letters'
5) UN : 'Distinguishing Signs of Vehicles'
6) Postage-Stamp Issuing Entities
7) for Space entries only : MARC Code List : 'Geographical Areas'


 Some countries designated are those areas "orphaned" between overlapping countries from different lists.

There is no attempt to list defunct countries here, as they are too numerous. Countries will be added and deleted as their status changes. Using a current list gives all DXers (rookie and veteran) a chance to DX the same # of countries, look forward to DXing new countries, or lament the loss of a deleted country.

There are 334 entities on this list, 13 in space and 321 that are terrestrial, divided as follows :
North America 56, South America 15, Europe 61, Africa 67, Asia 60, Oceania 43, Antarctica 13,
International Organizations 3, and International Waters 3.


 Record of Changes
2021-09-18 
 Vehicle Country added (Zanzibar).
2021-09-12 
 Stamp-issuing entities added.
2021-09-11 
 Original list published.


Back to : DX Info Centre
William R. Hepburn